Persona (24)

What killed the King ?
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A murderous plot disguised as suicide ?
The mystery of her disappearance
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The strange occult roots of the Thule Society
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Premonitorial signs announced his death ?
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How Did He Die And What Did He Do Wrong ?
Was She Secret Agent H-21 ?
What Happened To The Nazi ?
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Science (18)

The disappearance of the wild man
Can the Red Planet sustain life ?
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The strange case of Prahlad Jani fasting
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Probability And The Meta Universe
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Summary Case Study
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Ufology (5)

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Parapsychology (20)

The sixth sense of people ?
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The meaning of dreams
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Can the mind move objets ?
And thy fear of nothingness
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Pain as offering for Lord Murugan
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Mysterious Place (48)

The Moai statues of Rapa Nui
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King Solomon's Hidden Treasures
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Conquering Cancuen palace
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Derinkuyu & Kaymakli
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4 Cool Places To Visit
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Egypt (13)

What killed the young pharaoh ?
What secret hides the legendary monument ?
A monument that defies time
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What has become of the beautiful queen of Egypt ?
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And the mysterious Book of the Dead
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Cryptozoology (18)

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Bible and Religion (29)

Who Wrote It ?
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The Sinner Denigrated by the Church
Fallen Angels
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Universal Deluge
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And The Star of Bethlehem
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Beheaded, He Walks Carrying His Own Head
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Dark Vatican Archives Facts Revealed
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Magic (4)

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Monument (10)

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The Fortress Of Love
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Legend and Myth (15)

The Lost Continent
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And The Legend of Sherwood
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History (16)

The Book That Lit The Pyres
Historic Reality ?
Vikings - In America Before Columbus?
The Greatest Political Scandal of the United States
The Lost Colony
Who Is This Enigmatic Smiling Woman ?
Marinus Van der Lubbe Guilty ?
The Mystery Lingers
Nicolas Flamel and the Philosopher's Stone
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Treasures Lost At Sea
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Mystical Order

Relic (16)

An Endless Quest
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The Spy War
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People and Civilization (13)

The Oldest Civilization of Meso America
The Decline of the Mayan Civilization
The People of Amma
The Celtic's Spiritual Elite
A Kingdom Without Men
The Mysterious Destiny of a Tribe
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An Indecipherable Language
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Adena, Hopewell & Mississippian
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Disappearance (4)

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Cold Case (4)

Who is Behind The Murders ?
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Who Was He ?

Conspiracy Theory (2)

The Conspiracy Theory
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France (37)

Has She Risen ?
Eustache Dauger
Ogre or Bluebeard ?
Man or Woman ?
Julius Caesar vs Vercingetorix
Did Clovis Ancestors Come From Troy?
The Merovingians Dynasty
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Second "New France" to Napoleon III ?
How Did He Die ?
Agobard, Magonia, Tempestarii
Did It Really Exist ?
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The Tragic And Suspicious Delay of Grouchy
Attack or Sham ?
Our Ancestors Cannibals ?
Traitor to the Fatherland ?
Usurpers of the Crown of France ?
How to Justify ?
France Murders
Who Ordered the St. Bartholomew's Day Mayhem ?
A Gigantic Swindle
Birth of a Republican Myth
Cure For The King’s Evil Disease ?
Crossing The Alps ?
Royal Sex Scandal
What Happened To Him ?
Who Betrayed Him ?
Impostor ?
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What Caused The Incident ?

Impostors (3)

Legitimate Heir of Catherine II ?
A Sham ?
Grand Duchess Anastasia Romanova Found Alive ?

Archaeology (9)

Where Is He Buried ?
500 KM of geoglyphs
What Are They For ?
Inca Child Sacrifice ?
Who Was Ötzi The Iceman ?
Aboriginal in the Australian Bush
Chalk Man of Dorset England
Hoax or Reality ?
Tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang ?

The Alexander Stavisky Affair

The main party involved in the trial, which opened in November 1935, has been dead for almost two years: “Alexander Stavisky committed suicide with a bullet fired from 3 meters. What it's like to have a long arm", headlined The Chained Duck (Le Canard enchaîné).

This high-profile crook, protected by his connections in the parliamentary world and the press, has embezzled millions. His cronies are being judged here, but the judges must proceed with caution, as the case has assumed the proportions of a state affair. The commission charged with investigating the case failed to bury it for the sake of the time she spent there. After months and months of questioning and investigations with the accomplices of the swindler, his protectors, leading circles of politics to those of finance, she ends up transmitting the file to the court of judgment, the court of assize of the Seine.

In the absence of the main culprit, Alexander Stavisky, found dead trying to reach Switzerland, the judges have to be satisfied with those who assisted him. And there are many defendants in a box that has become too narrow. The 60 or so lawyers can't all sit down! The president of the court, Judge Barnaud, is perfectly aware that this is an exceptional trial: Attorney General Fernand-Roux is assisted by Advocates General Cassagneau and Gaudel, very important figures in the bar; the file, huge, sits in a corner of the courtroom; it takes three hours to read the indictment; three weeks for questioning; and five more to hear witnesses ...

Embezzlement in Orléans and Bayonne

The case the jurors have to decide on is a gigantic swindle: its instigator, Stavisky, is said to have embezzled 259 million francs - a considerable sum for the time - through his various activities, all equally fraudulent. Among the most successful and profitable cases, the Orléans and Bayonne scams are the first to be dealt with by the court. The Crédit municipal d´Orléans affair was brought up by the interrogation of the former director of the establishment, a man named Desbrosses. Thanks to a shell company, Établissements Alex, Stavisky obtained loans from this banking institution: 22 million francs in a single year! A stock of emeralds was supposed to secure the loan. These, supposedly subject to expertise and of exceptional provenance - they would have belonged, in biblical times, to the Queen of Sheba! -, are, in fact, synthetic stones, as revealed by their purchase invoices.

The Crédit municipal de Bayonne case, more recent since it broke out in December 1933 and put an end to Stavisky's career, was dealt with after that of the Crédit d´Orléans. It is no less incredible. Tissier, former director of the establishment, appears at the bar: he is accused of having multiplied the fakes, thus embezzling 200 million francs by deceiving the savers. In Orleans, a general, among other senior figures, had covered the Stavisky scam. In Bayonne, too, there are notables to be involved in the business. In the event, Garat, mayor of the city, also protected the dubious businessman.

Complicity in all circles

After the appearance of those mainly responsible for the embezzlement of Orléans and Bayonne, the court hears those who either received funds from Stavisky or participated in the concealment of the embezzled money. And, again, these are prominent people: former Stavisky lawyers, such as Master Bonnaure; a former radical deputy; newspaper directors (Camille Aymard, or Darius). The proliferation of well-known names is troubling the court and the audience as well as public opinion, informed by the press. So would all those who matter in France have bathed in the Stavisky affair ? Soon, the hearings again reveal, not only additional names, but also all the implicit complicity that benefited either Stavisky or his accomplices: the magistrates of the financial section of the prosecution have difficulty in explaining their slowness, their silences, and the suspicious death of a senior official involved in the affair, the Prince adviser, further adds to the sordid situation ...

Among the police officers in charge of the investigation, the court also highlights a lot of questionable behavior. After the notables and the civil servants, are judged the most prominent politicians involved in the scam. They are former radicals: journalists, more than ever, are flocking to hear them. Dalimier, the former Minister of Labor, who recommended the fake Bayonne bonds, and then Camille Chautemps, former president of the Council, are thus indicted. Expiatory victims, they are delivered to justice so that other people may be spared. On January 15, 1936, the forty pleadings are completed.

After the deliberations, Garat, Desbrosses and Tissier - in particular - are declared guilty of complicity and the use of forgery. Some others are for concealment. The journalists, friends and proteges of Stavisky, are for the most part acquitted. Two days later, the president of the court delivers his verdict. The penalties are particularly heavy: thus Tissier is sentenced to seven years of hard labor, Garat to two years in prison, the other penalties varying between these two extremes ...

The Republic shaken by scandals

During the 1930s, the Third Republic was shaken by politico-financial affairs which compromised certain elected officials and ministers. The series begins with the Gazette du Franc affair (1928). It continues with that of the Oustric bank (November 1930), a fraudulent bankruptcy, which causes the fall of the government of André Tardieu, whose Keeper of the Seals, Raoul Péret, is accused of corruption. Finally comes the Alexander Stavisky affair, which particularly compromises the Radical Party.

The discredited republic. These cases, to which the press gives considerable publicity, feed the anti-parliamentarianism of the extreme right circles, which liken the entire political class to a den of brigands. The veterans' leagues, the royalists of Action Française, for example, come to condemn en bloc a regime in which they see an association of Jewish financiers, Freemasons and radical politicians - all abusive terms in their mouths.