Persona (14)

What killed the King ?
Who was the famous playwright poet ?
A murderous plot disguised as suicide ?
The mystery of her disappearance
Was the french emperor poisoned ?
The strange occult roots of the Thule Society
The origin of vampires
The engineer of the future
The discovery of America
The predictions of the greatest clairvoyant
The child who came from none
Premonitorial signs announced his death ?
Has he existed ?
The Scotland Affair

Science (12)

The disappearance of the wild man
Can the Red Planet sustain life ?
Who are our ancestors ?
Can animal magnetism cure people's disease ?
The strange case of Prahlad Jani fasting
Are black holes time breaches ?
Where does it come from ?
European legend ?
Do stars dictate our destiny ?
500 KM of geoglyphs
Fabulous treasures buried underground ?
Probability And The Meta Universe

Ufology (4)

UFO crash in New Mexico ?
What kinda secrets lie inside the military zone ?
Are aliens real ?
Dogons in contact with aliens ?

Parapsychology (16)

The sixth sense of people ?
The gift of foreseeing the future ?
Human energy field ?
Can hypnotherapy treat medical conditions ?
The meaning of dreams
A premonition 14 years in advance ?
A form of psychokinesis ?
Can the mind move objets ?
And thy fear of nothingness
Can a person be two places at once ?
Pain as offering for Lord Murugan
Walking on Hot Coals Without Injuries ?
Finding Water With Sticks
Forensic and Medical
The Case of Natasha Demkina
And Psychic Surgery

Mysterious Place (33)

The Moai statues of Rapa Nui
The Lost City of the Incas
City of the cosmos
Inside the mysterious and long lost ancient city
A celestial and sacred place
Magic city and occultism in Italy
The secret fortune of the abbé Saunière
Ayers Rock
A vestige of Lemuria ?
King Solomon's Hidden Treasures
The secret of the Mayan astronaut
In search of the mythical Eldorado
What are menhirs for ?
The work of Mother Nature ?
Conquering Cancuen palace
The Mayan astronomers ?
Ancient Megalithic Ruins
Inside the Burial Tomb
The Stone City
Ancient Stone Circles
Origin of Chinese Civilization
Sculpture or meeting place for UFOs?
Derinkuyu & Kaymakli
Teutoburg Forest
The Mysterious Ruins
History & Sports
Horyuji & Todaiji Buddha
Top of the World
Mysterious Micronesia Ruins
King Solomon's Throne Sacred Fire
Story of the Golem Statue
Stone Ship Settings
Queen Zenobia And The Kingdom of Saba

Egypt (11)

What killed the young pharaoh ?
What secret hides the legendary monument ?
A monument that defies time
Bitten by a king cobra ?
What has become of the beautiful queen of Egypt ?
Assassinated by his womens ?
The secret books of the ibis headed god
And the mysterious Book of the Dead
The Valley of the Kings abandoned ?
A mythical country of Ancient Egypt ?
Light of Ancient Egypt ?

Cryptozoology (17)

Mythology and Symbolism
Is It Real ?
The Abominable Snowman
The Goat Sucker
The Deadly Song of the Fish Woman
The Legend of Sasquatch
Are They Simply Tales ?
Voodoo and Golems - Myth ?
Serial Killer of the Eighteenth Century ?
A Mythological Version of Kongamato ?
Legend and Life
West Virginia Winged Creature
A Desert Death Adder ?
Small Dragon or Salamander ?
Manipogo, Ogopogo & Igopogo
De Loys Ape, Orang Pendek, Yeren & Almas

Strange Phenomenon (22)

Mysterious disappearances
The Ghost Ship
Spiritism and Ghosts
The Feeling of Already Seen
Ghosts and Haunted Houses
Exorcism of the Demons by a Shaman Priest
Mysterious Explosion in Siberia
The Route Without Gravity ?
Apparitions Or Hallucinations ?
How Fish Rain Happen
How Are They Made ?
Two Testimonies of the Afterlife
Examples and Theories
The Case of Hasnah Mohamed Meselmani
Mystery of Death Valley
A Mysterious Phenomena
What Causes The Phenomenon ?
Does Faith Healing Work ?
What Is The Meaning of Healing ?
Miracle or Mystification ?
Aboriginal in the Australian Bush
Famous Cases of Spectral Apparitions

Bible and Religion (15)

Who Wrote It ?
A Matter of Faith ?
Guardians of the Secret
The Sinner Denigrated by the Church
Fallen Angels
The Marks of Christ
Universal Deluge
The Dead Sea Scrolls
And The Star of Bethlehem
Where Is It ?
The Sources Of The Arcanes
Where is the Ark of the Covenant ?
Will It Ever Be Explained ?
Fact or Fiction ?

Magic (4)

Grimoire and Rituals
The Book Of Laws Of The Dead
Mediator Between the Spiritual and Material World
Origin of Misfortunes

Monument (8)

Did They Really Exist ?
What Did It Look Like ?
Has It Existed ?
The Mystery of Marian Cult
A Monument Filled With Mystery
The Holy Grail in Italy ?
The Fortress Of Love

Legend and Myth (10)

The Lost Continent
A Site of Legend
Just a Myth ?
The Lost City
The Fabulous Land Of Gold
And The Legend of Sherwood
The Modern Prometheus
The Eternal Saga
The Legend of the Treasure Well
Search For The Fountain of Life

History (10)

The Book That Lit The Pyres
Historic Reality ?
Vikings - In America Before Columbus?
The Greatest Political Scandal of the United States
The Lost Colony
Who Is This Enigmatic Smiling Woman ?
Marinus Van der Lubbe Guilty ?
The Mystery Lingers
Nicolas Flamel and the Philosopher's Stone

Relic (15)

An Endless Quest
Esoteric Nazism
An Ancient Stellar Computer ?
A Timeless Document
An Unknown Alphabet
Men And Dinosaurs Together ?
Ancient Electricity ?
Where Is It Located ?
Interesting Facts
Theories Debunked
Artifacts or Archaeological Forgery ?
Russian Artifacts or Alien Intelligence ?
An Ancient Egyptian Plane ?

People and Civilization (6)

The Oldest Civilization of Meso America
The Decline of the Mayan Civilization
The People of Amma
The Celtic's Spiritual Elite
A Kingdom Without Men
The Mysterious Destiny of a Tribe

Disappearance (2)

A Great Aviator Missing
What Happened To Him ?

Cold Case (4)

Who is Behind The Murders ?
The assassination of John F Kennedy
Who Killed Lady Diana ?
Who Was He ?

Conspiracy Theory (1)

The Conspiracy Theory

France (3)

Has She Risen ?
Eustache Dauger
Ogre or Bluebeard ?

Why Did Neanderthals Go Extinct Some 28,000 Years Ago ?

An In-depth Look At The Wild Man


The last Neanderthals

About 40,000 years ago, the European continent was home to another species of hominid at a time when modern humans first set foot there. The Neanderthals had been there for hundreds of thousands of years; so long that evolution into a distinct species has not yet occurred in our ancestral cradle, Africa. According to archaeological findings, the two humanoid species shared the vast territory of Europe for nearly 10,000 years before Neanderthals disappeared abruptly. The last Neanderthals left traces in the caves of Gibraltar almost 28,000 years ago. Neanderthal extinction has made modern man the last surviving human species. The question that arises is why did Neanderthals die out ?

The Neanderthal man


Neanderthal man is often presented as the very archetype of the wild man. He lives in caves, goes hunting and fishing, has a slow mind and communicates only with guttural grunts. He has entangled hair and a grossly neglected beard. He is often depicted vaulted, bearing a club and dressed with animal skins singularly sewn. His name has even become synonymous with barbarian. However, archaeological research has shown that this portrait does not correspond to reality. Neanderthal mans would have been monogamous and would have lived in separate small groups. They were very similar to modern man in many of their rituals; especially in the way they buried the dead and cared for their sick and wounded neighbors. Despite the fact that they communicated in a very primary way, the Neanderthals were great hunters and craftsmen and some traces found on Mediterranean islands testify to their ability to travel in open water. This indicates that some boat building techniques were known a very long time ago. Neanderthal man great artistic talent is confirmed by several cave paintings which some dates as far back as about 42,000 years ago.

Neanderthals vs humans

Neanderthal skull

There are, however, enormous anatomical differences between Neanderthals and modern humans. The differences are mainly in the cranial box; inclined forehead and prominent eyebrows. Their chin was also much less prominent than us. Having lived in the cold climate of Europe, they were much better adapted, as their small sturdy stature suggests. Homo sapiens, which has evolved in the heat of the African savannah, is thinner and less stocky. But despite these notable differences, it would be difficult to distinguish Neanderthal man from modern man if the former was to cut off his hair and dress with a pair of jeans and a shirt.

Neanderthal mousterian

In addition to physiological differences, there were also cultural differences between Neanderthals and humans. The Neanderthals had a rather antisocial behavior; they formed small groups and had very little contact with individuals outside their circle. This characteristic of the wild man would probably not go unnoticed in the modern era in which we are. Another interesting distinction is found in the stone tools used by Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. The Mousterian name is given to Neanderthalian tools, which barely evolved over hundreds of millennia and betray the lack of adaptation of this now extinct species. It seems that unlike humans, Neanderthals were incapable of ingenuity or problem solving.

Neanderthal evolution

Although it is impossible at the present time to say so with certainty, several archaeological discoveries indicate that Neanderthal man forked 400,000 years ago from the line of evolution that led to modern man. The common ancestor would be Homo heidelbergensis, himself a descendant of Homo erectus. A group of Homo heidelbergensis apparently crossed over the European continent before being detached from the original population following a long period of glaciation. The radically different climatic conditions of the African and European continent would have given birth to two types of humanoid some 150,000 years ago. Neanderthals would have dispersed to Asia and in the Middle East while modern humans began to leave Africa nearly 70,000 years ago. Neanderthal skullAccording to all indications, there has been very little contact between the two lines of evolution. The Neanderthals population gradually shrank over the millennia until only a few small surviving groups found themselves isolated in the caves of the Rock of Gibraltar. Possible causes of extinction includes the spread of diseases and the confrontation and competition for the same resources with Homo sapiens. History tends to blame modern man, who has wreaked havoc everywhere he has colonized. He has eroded forests, decimated faunas and wiped out many indigenous peoples. It may be thought that a combination of these different factors contributed greatly to Neanderthal extinction, although there is no evidence to support these assumptions.

Neanderthal extinction

At its peak, about 100,000 years ago, the Neanderthal man had spread to the far reaches of China. The decline then continued steadily before accelerating some 50,000 years ago. This era is characterized by high climatic instability and very intense cold waves. It is likely that a sudden change in climate resulted in a decrease in the number of prey species available to Neanderthal hunters. What was once forest was replaced by tundra and steppe. Unable to change their tools and hunting methods, Neanderthals would not have been able to adapt quickly enough to new circumstances. Their population would've been dramatically reduced before the last Neanderthals fled to southern Spain, where climate change was less severe. If we rely on this theory, Neanderthal extinction is not modern man's fault but rather blow of fate.

Neanderthal dna in humans

Interesting questions were raised in 2010 when the complete sequence of wild man's DNA was first published. The results showed that the genes of modern man are inherited between 1% and 4% from Neanderthal man. So there were crosses between Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis which produced viable descendants. This leads us to wonder whether Sapiens, Neanderthals and Heidelbergensis are really distinct species. If we follow this reasoning, then the Neanderthal man has not completely disappeared; it has simply merged into modern population through different crosses as evidenced by our DNA.