Persona (19)

What killed the King ?
Who was the famous playwright poet ?
A murderous plot disguised as suicide ?
The mystery of her disappearance
Was the french emperor poisoned ?
The strange occult roots of the Thule Society
The origin of vampires
The engineer of the future
The discovery of America
The predictions of the greatest clairvoyant
The child who came from none
Premonitorial signs announced his death ?
Has he existed ?
The Scotland Affair
Recent Sightings of the Immortal ?
Vision Before The Battle of Milvian Bridge ?
How Did He Die And What Did He Do Wrong ?
Was She Secret Agent H-21 ?
What Happened To The Nazi ?

Science (19)

The disappearance of the wild man
Can the Red Planet sustain life ?
Who are our ancestors ?
Can animal magnetism cure people's disease ?
The strange case of Prahlad Jani fasting
Are black holes time breaches ?
Where does it come from ?
European legend ?
Do stars dictate our destiny ?
500 KM of geoglyphs
Fabulous treasures buried underground ?
Probability And The Meta Universe
How Did It All Start ?
What Threatens Our Future Planet ?
Summary Case Study
Is Our Planet Doomed to Die ?
Could Mankind be Wiped Out ?
How Did Earth's First Life Forms Appear ?
Can Man Survive Outside of Society ?

Ufology (5)

UFO crash in New Mexico ?
What kinda secrets lie inside the military zone ?
Are aliens real ?
Dogons in contact with aliens ?
Invisibility and Instantaneous Displacement ?

Parapsychology (20)

The sixth sense of people ?
The gift of foreseeing the future ?
Human energy field ?
Can hypnotherapy treat medical conditions ?
The meaning of dreams
A premonition 14 years in advance ?
A form of psychokinesis ?
Can the mind move objets ?
And thy fear of nothingness
Can a person be two places at once ?
Pain as offering for Lord Murugan
Walking on Hot Coals Without Injuries ?
Finding Water With Sticks
Forensic and Medical
The Case of Natasha Demkina
And Psychic Surgery
Mystery of Tulpas
The Case of Shankar
Fear of the New Millenium
Egyptian, Roman & Greek Mythology

Mysterious Place (39)

The Moai statues of Rapa Nui
The Lost City of the Incas
City of the cosmos
Inside the mysterious and long lost ancient city
A celestial and sacred place
Magic city and occultism in Italy
The secret fortune of the abbé Saunière
Ayers Rock
A vestige of Lemuria ?
King Solomon's Hidden Treasures
The secret of the Mayan astronaut
In search of the mythical Eldorado
What are menhirs for ?
The work of Mother Nature ?
Conquering Cancuen palace
The Mayan astronomers ?
Ancient Megalithic Ruins
Inside the Burial Tomb
The Stone City
Ancient Stone Circles
Origin of Chinese Civilization
Sculpture or meeting place for UFOs?
Derinkuyu & Kaymakli
Teutoburg Forest
The Mysterious Ruins
History & Sports
Horyuji & Todaiji Buddha
Top of the World
Mysterious Micronesia Ruins
King Solomon's Throne Sacred Fire
Story of the Golem Statue
Stone Ship Settings
Queen Zenobia And The Kingdom of Saba
Patmos, Delphi And Rhodes
Two Cities Lost In The Void
4 Cool Places To Visit
Deities and Heavenly Kings
The Lost Ships Graveyard
Origins of the Roman Empire

Egypt (12)

What killed the young pharaoh ?
What secret hides the legendary monument ?
A monument that defies time
Bitten by a king cobra ?
What has become of the beautiful queen of Egypt ?
Assassinated by his womens ?
The secret books of the ibis headed god
And the mysterious Book of the Dead
The Valley of the Kings abandoned ?
A mythical country of Ancient Egypt ?
Light of Ancient Egypt ?
Ancient Egyptian Story

Cryptozoology (18)

Mythology and Symbolism
Is It Real ?
The Abominable Snowman
The Goat Sucker
Lycanthropy
The Deadly Song of the Fish Woman
The Legend of Sasquatch
Are They Simply Tales ?
Voodoo and Golems - Myth ?
Serial Killer of the Eighteenth Century ?
A Mythological Version of Kongamato ?
Legend and Life
West Virginia Winged Creature
A Desert Death Adder ?
Small Dragon or Salamander ?
Manipogo, Ogopogo & Igopogo
De Loys Ape, Orang Pendek, Yeren & Almas
Real Stories of Encounters

Strange Phenomenon (24)

Mysterious disappearances
The Ghost Ship
Spiritism and Ghosts
The Feeling of Already Seen
Ghosts and Haunted Houses
Exorcism of the Demons by a Shaman Priest
Mysterious Explosion in Siberia
The Route Without Gravity ?
Apparitions Or Hallucinations ?
How Fish Rain Happen
How Are They Made ?
Two Testimonies of the Afterlife
Examples and Theories
The Case of Hasnah Mohamed Meselmani
Mystery of Death Valley
A Mysterious Phenomena
What Causes The Phenomenon ?
Does Faith Healing Work ?
What Is The Meaning of Healing ?
Miracle or Mystification ?
Aboriginal in the Australian Bush
Famous Cases of Spectral Apparitions
Story of the Legendary Ghost Ship
The Case of Urbain Grandier

Bible and Religion (26)

Who Wrote It ?
A Matter of Faith ?
Guardians of the Secret
The Sinner Denigrated by the Church
Fallen Angels
The Marks of Christ
Universal Deluge
The Dead Sea Scrolls
And The Star of Bethlehem
Where Is It ?
The Sources Of The Arcanes
Where is the Ark of the Covenant ?
Will It Ever Be Explained ?
Fact or Fiction ?
The Three Secrets
Secret Messages of the Virgin
Prophecy of Our Lady
Oldest Man in the Bible
What Happened to Them ?
Beheaded, He Walks Carrying His Own Head
Ecstasy of a Nun
Religious Artifacts With Power ?
What Agitated The People of Saint-Médard ?
Where Is It Located ?
A Woman On The Papal Throne ?

Magic (4)

Grimoire and Rituals
The Book Of Laws Of The Dead
Mediator Between the Spiritual and Material World
Origin of Misfortunes

Monument (8)

Monoliths
Did They Really Exist ?
What Did It Look Like ?
Has It Existed ?
The Mystery of Marian Cult
A Monument Filled With Mystery
The Holy Grail in Italy ?
The Fortress Of Love

Legend and Myth (14)

The Lost Continent
A Site of Legend
Just a Myth ?
The Lost City
The Fabulous Land Of Gold
And The Legend of Sherwood
The Modern Prometheus
The Eternal Saga
The Legend of the Treasure Well
Search For The Fountain of Life
Origin of the Scary Legend
Where Is It Located ?
Untold Story of the King of Lydia Wealth
King Minos Labyrinth in Greek Mythology

History (16)

The Book That Lit The Pyres
Historic Reality ?
Vikings - In America Before Columbus?
The Greatest Political Scandal of the United States
The Lost Colony
Who Is This Enigmatic Smiling Woman ?
Marinus Van der Lubbe Guilty ?
The Mystery Lingers
Nicolas Flamel and the Philosopher's Stone
Summary of Custer's Last Stand
Treasures Lost At Sea
Druids Cult of Violence
Did Nero Watch Rome Burning?
End of Crete Minoan Civilization?
Mystical Order

Relic (15)

An Endless Quest
Esoteric Nazism
An Ancient Stellar Computer ?
A Timeless Document
An Unknown Alphabet
Men And Dinosaurs Together ?
Ancient Electricity ?
Where Is It Located ?
Interesting Facts
Theories Debunked
Artifacts or Archaeological Forgery ?
Russian Artifacts or Alien Intelligence ?
An Ancient Egyptian Plane ?

People and Civilization (13)

The Oldest Civilization of Meso America
The Decline of the Mayan Civilization
The People of Amma
The Celtic's Spiritual Elite
A Kingdom Without Men
The Mysterious Destiny of a Tribe
Origin Of Language And Culture
Where Do They Come From ?
Cruel Burial Practices
An Indecipherable Language
Mystery of Shrunken Heads
Adena, Hopewell & Mississippian
Did They Arrive in South America ?

Disappearance (5)

A Great Aviator Missing
What Happened To Him ?
Who Was Ötzi The Iceman ?
What Happened To Them ?
Did He Die At The Battle of Three Kings ?

Cold Case (4)

Who is Behind The Murders ?
The assassination of John F Kennedy
Who Killed Lady Diana ?
Who Was He ?

Conspiracy Theory (2)

The Conspiracy Theory
A Dreadful Plot ?

France (8)

Has She Risen ?
Eustache Dauger
Ogre or Bluebeard ?
Man or Woman ?
Julius Caesar vs Vercingetorix
Did Clovis Ancestors Come From Troy?
The Merovingians Dynasty
Suicide or Murder ?

Impostors (3)

Legitimate Heir of Catherine II ?
A Sham ?
Grand Duchess Anastasia Romanova Found Alive ?

How Was The Universe Created And How Did It Formed ?

The Big Bang

From the reflections of the philosophers of ancient Greece to the observations of current astrophysicists, the way in which men viewed the Universe has changed profoundly. But many questions remain unanswered. How was the universe created? How did the universe formed? How did everything start from nothing? So many mysteries which continues to baffle even the most scholarly modern scientists...

A universe first of all philosophical or religious

For a long time, it was not science, but philosophy and religion that demanded an explanation of the Universe. Thus, when in the 4th century BC, the Greek Eudoxus of Cnidus describes the Universe, he places the Earth, motionless, at its center. The Sun and the planets revolve around it, driven by a set of rotating spheres. As for the stars, they are located on the largest of the spheres, called “fixed stars”, and constitute the limits of the Universe. Perfected by the Greek scientist Ptolemy in the 2nd century AD, this model will remain the reference for almost 14 centuries.

The Earth and the Sun change places

In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus revolutionized astronomy by placing the Sun at the center of the Universe. However, the heliocentric world of the Polish astronomer is still spherical, and still stops at fixed stars.

The universe did not really “open” until 1609, when Galileo first directed an astronomical telescope towards the sky. He then discovers that the Milky Way, considered until then as a kind of white nebula, is in fact composed of a multitude of stars which are as many suns. Relegated to the rank of star among the others, the Sun lost its place of center of the Universe in 1784, when William Herschel discovers that “our” star is on the edge of the Galaxy, whose visible part is the Milky Way, which is nothing but a disc full of stars.

The Universe neither immutable nor eternal

But the real revolution took place in the 20th century, thanks to observation using large telescopes and the big bang theory. The first gave the Universe its true dimension, and the second gave it a story.

At the beginning of the 20th century, in fact, scientists were still convinced that the Universe was immutable and eternal: it has always been and will continue to exist as it is today. But then why does the Universe, however dominated by the gravitational force which attracts all objects towards each other, not collapse on itself? And if the Universe is made up of an infinite number of stars that have always existed, why does it appear dark and not entirely bright?

The theoretical answer to these two questions is given between 1922 and 1927 by the Russian Alexander Friedmann and the Belgian Georges Lemaître, both at the origin of the big bang theory. The Universe is not static: it is expanding. The Universe has not been there forever: it was born 15 billion years ago. And, since that moment, it has gone from an extremely dense and hot state to the very dilute and cold state that we know today.

What observation very quickly confirms. As early as 1924, the American astronomer Edwin Hubble discovered that the Universe is made up of a multitude of galaxies comparable to ours, and then gives the Universe all its depth. In 1929, he noted that these galaxies are moving away from each other: the Universe is indeed expanding.

A solid scientific model, for the moment ...

Today, the big bang theory, although controversial by some astrophysicists, remains the most solid model. Numerous observations have come to confirm its predictions: the current abundance of elements, such as hydrogen and helium: the study of very distant galaxies, located nearly 15 billion light-years away; the discovery of background cosmological radiation by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson in 1965, then its detailed study using the COBE satellite in 1992.

On Earth, particle physics experiments, carried out in large accelerators like that of CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research), in Geneva, complemented these observations.

... but not all is resolved

The big bang theory does not, however, provide all the answers, particularly with regard to the future of the Universe. Will gravitation prevail over expansion, and will the Universe end in a “big crunch”, the reverse of the big bang? Or will the two forces balance and will the expansion be halted? The latest observations of supernova (star explosions) far away seem to indicate that the expansion is not about to stop: on the contrary, it would rather be accelerating.

But many other questions remain: Is the universe finite or infinite? What was there before the big bang? Was our Universe born from another larger Universe?

The big bang theory, a model to be completed

The evolution of the Universe in the first moments after the big bang is retraced on the basis of the acquired knowledge of particle physics. The primordial universe was a gas formed of particles and antiparticles animated by disordered movements at speeds close to that of light. At the mercy of incessant collisions, some particles were annihilated, while others appeared. Protons and neutrons began to combine a second after the big bang. In the following minutes, intense nuclear activity allowed the formation of light atomic nucleus (mainly hydrogen and helium). This stage lasted less than a quarter of an hour.

These exceptionally hectic first minutes were followed by a long, quiet period. It was not until 300,000 to 400,000 years later, when the temperature dropped below 3,000 degrees, that the radiation was finally able to propagate freely. The first galaxies would have formed about a billion years after the big bang, according to a process still poorly understood.