Persona (24)

What killed the King ?
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A murderous plot disguised as suicide ?
The mystery of her disappearance
Was the french emperor poisoned ?
The strange occult roots of the Thule Society
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The child who came from none
Premonitorial signs announced his death ?
Has he existed ?
The Scotland Affair
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Vision Before The Battle of Milvian Bridge ?
How Did He Die And What Did He Do Wrong ?
Was She Secret Agent H-21 ?
What Happened To The Nazi ?
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A Life of Travel, Freemasonry & Heresy
The Real Story

Science (18)

The disappearance of the wild man
Can the Red Planet sustain life ?
Who are our ancestors ?
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The strange case of Prahlad Jani fasting
Are black holes time breaches ?
Where does it come from ?
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Fabulous treasures buried underground ?
Probability And The Meta Universe
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Summary Case Study
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How Did Earth's First Life Forms Appear ?
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Ufology (5)

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Parapsychology (20)

The sixth sense of people ?
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Human energy field ?
Can hypnotherapy treat medical conditions ?
The meaning of dreams
A premonition 14 years in advance ?
A form of psychokinesis ?
Can the mind move objets ?
And thy fear of nothingness
Can a person be two places at once ?
Pain as offering for Lord Murugan
Walking on Hot Coals Without Injuries ?
Finding Water With Sticks
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And Psychic Surgery
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Mysterious Place (48)

The Moai statues of Rapa Nui
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City of the cosmos
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Ayers Rock
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King Solomon's Hidden Treasures
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In search of the mythical Eldorado
What are menhirs for ?
The work of Mother Nature ?
Conquering Cancuen palace
The Mayan astronomers ?
Ancient Megalithic Ruins
Inside the Burial Tomb
The Stone City
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Origin of Chinese Civilization
Sculpture or meeting place for UFOs?
Derinkuyu & Kaymakli
Teutoburg Forest
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Top of the World
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Patmos, Delphi And Rhodes
Two Cities Lost In The Void
4 Cool Places To Visit
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The Lost Ships Graveyard
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The House of Virgin Mary
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Egypt (13)

What killed the young pharaoh ?
What secret hides the legendary monument ?
A monument that defies time
Bitten by a king cobra ?
What has become of the beautiful queen of Egypt ?
Assassinated by his womens ?
The secret books of the ibis headed god
And the mysterious Book of the Dead
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Cryptozoology (18)

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De Loys Ape, Orang Pendek, Yeren & Almas
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Mysterious disappearances
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Bible and Religion (29)

Who Wrote It ?
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Fallen Angels
The Marks of Christ
Universal Deluge
The Dead Sea Scrolls
And The Star of Bethlehem
Where Is It ?
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Will It Ever Be Explained ?
Fact or Fiction ?
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What Happened to Them ?
Beheaded, He Walks Carrying His Own Head
Ecstasy of a Nun
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What Agitated The People of Saint-Médard ?
Where Is It Located ?
A Woman On The Papal Throne ?
Dark Vatican Archives Facts Revealed
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Magic (4)

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Monument (10)

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A Monument Filled With Mystery
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The Fortress Of Love
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Legend and Myth (15)

The Lost Continent
A Site of Legend
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The Lost City
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And The Legend of Sherwood
The Modern Prometheus
The Eternal Saga
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Untold Story of the King of Lydia Wealth
King Minos Labyrinth in Greek Mythology
European legend ?

History (16)

The Book That Lit The Pyres
Historic Reality ?
Vikings - In America Before Columbus?
The Greatest Political Scandal of the United States
The Lost Colony
Who Is This Enigmatic Smiling Woman ?
Marinus Van der Lubbe Guilty ?
The Mystery Lingers
Nicolas Flamel and the Philosopher's Stone
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Treasures Lost At Sea
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End of Crete Minoan Civilization?
Mystical Order

Relic (16)

An Endless Quest
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A Timeless Document
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The Spy War
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People and Civilization (13)

The Oldest Civilization of Meso America
The Decline of the Mayan Civilization
The People of Amma
The Celtic's Spiritual Elite
A Kingdom Without Men
The Mysterious Destiny of a Tribe
Origin Of Language And Culture
Where Do They Come From ?
Cruel Burial Practices
An Indecipherable Language
Mystery of Shrunken Heads
Adena, Hopewell & Mississippian
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Disappearance (4)

A Great Aviator Missing
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What Happened To Them ?
Did He Die At The Battle of Three Kings ?

Cold Case (4)

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The assassination of John F Kennedy
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Who Was He ?

Conspiracy Theory (2)

The Conspiracy Theory
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France (37)

Has She Risen ?
Eustache Dauger
Ogre or Bluebeard ?
Man or Woman ?
Julius Caesar vs Vercingetorix
Did Clovis Ancestors Come From Troy?
The Merovingians Dynasty
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Second "New France" to Napoleon III ?
How Did He Die ?
Agobard, Magonia, Tempestarii
Did It Really Exist ?
The Mysterious Cult
The Tragic And Suspicious Delay of Grouchy
Attack or Sham ?
Our Ancestors Cannibals ?
Traitor to the Fatherland ?
Usurpers of the Crown of France ?
How to Justify ?
France Murders
Who Ordered the St. Bartholomew's Day Mayhem ?
A Gigantic Swindle
Birth of a Republican Myth
Cure For The King’s Evil Disease ?
Crossing The Alps ?
Royal Sex Scandal
What Happened To Him ?
Who Betrayed Him ?
Impostor ?
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What Caused The Incident ?

Impostors (3)

Legitimate Heir of Catherine II ?
A Sham ?
Grand Duchess Anastasia Romanova Found Alive ?

Archaeology (9)

Where Is He Buried ?
500 KM of geoglyphs
What Are They For ?
Inca Child Sacrifice ?
Who Was Ötzi The Iceman ?
Aboriginal in the Australian Bush
Chalk Man of Dorset England
Hoax or Reality ?
Tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang ?

Mysterious Origin of the Etruscan Language And It's Culture


Emerging from nothing in a few decades, the brilliant Etruscan culture intrigues researchers. The origin of these people has not been defined. Its language is still not understood. The Etruscans remain for us this mysterious people, enemy of the Romans who lent them magic powers.

Lydian emigrants?

When Etruscans appeared in Italy in the 8th century BC, their brilliant civilization is clearly ahead of that of the Italic peoples. They are artists but also excellent navigators: they trade with the Phoenicians, the Egyptians and the Greeks, master the technique of iron while their neighbors hardly get out of the Bronze Age. Where do they come from ? For a long time, tradition accepted the version given by Herodotus in his The Histories, written in the 5th century BC : it explains their immigration by a famine which would have ravaged their region of origin, Lydia, in Asia Minor.

Just before the Christian era, however, a historian living in Rome, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, wrote a Roman Archeology where he questioned for the first time the Eastern origin of the Etruscans. He lists the fundamental differences between Etruscans and Lydians, particularly with regard to language. For him, the Etruscans are Italics (for us, Villanovans), who have evolved faster than their neighbors thanks to contact with foreign navigators. The debate is therefore open between "orientalists", supporters of a Lydian origin, and "autochthonists", supporters of a local evolution of the population. It is still not closed today.

Orientalists and autochthonists

The “orientalists” note the sudden change in funeral rite between Villanovans, who practice cremation, and Etruscans, who dig elongated graves where the corpse is buried. They put forward the oriental aspect of the way of life, religion and Etruscan art, in forms as in techniques. Finally, a stele found on the island of Lemnos, opposite the coasts of Lydia, bears inscriptions in a language which strongly resembles that of the Etruscans, which would provide evidence of the passage of the Lydians during their journey to Italy.

The “autochthonists” refute these arguments. They explain the oriental influences by the numerous contacts of the Etruscans with the Syrian, Egyptian and Phoenician merchants. They point out that it cannot be excluded that the funeral rite has evolved in a short time, following a decision by the clergy for example. With regard to the Lemnos stele, their explanation is as follows: the language used there, just like the Etruscan language, are the last descendants, isolated, of a pre-Indo-European language spoken formerly in the greatest part of the Mediterranean basin.

A language that remains to be deciphered

Etruscan is not an Indo-European language. If we can read it - its alphabet is very close to the Greek alphabet - we understand neither the structure of the sentences, nor the grammar, nor the meaning of the words. It seems that no kinship exists between the Etruscan and the languages ​​spoken at the same time such as Hebrew, Greek, Caucasian, Egyptian, Aramaic, Hittite, etc. The various methods of deciphering which have largely proven themselves, such as comparative linguistics or the combinatory method (which analyzes the language itself by relying on the frequency of words or on the repetition of ready-made formulas) fail in the face of 'Etruscan. However, researchers have many written documents: more than 9,000 funeral inscriptions, ten texts of 100 to 300 words, and a long text found by chance on the strips which were used to swaddle an Egyptian mummy!

In search of an Etruscan-Latin text

Despite this abundance of sources, our knowledge remains poor. The proper names borrowed from the Greek (Agamemnon, Patroclus, Achilles) made it possible to reconstruct the phonetics. We know the first six digits through dices on which they appear in full, but we do not know in what order to classify them. We were able to locate around thirty words concerning family, nature, furniture and calendar, but this is not enough to understand an entire text. Linguists and archaeologists therefore remain attached to the same hope: one day to find a bilingual Etruscan-Latin text, the two languages ​​having coexisted in the same place for almost four centuries.

The first ages of Italy

In the second millennium BC, while in the eastern Mediterranean flourish brilliant civilizations (Egypt, Crete, Greece), the West barely leaves prehistoric times. Lazio is populated by Ligurians who did not discover the bronze technique until shortly before the year 1000. Their country bears the name of Italy: the “land of herds”.

At the start of the 1st millennium, the Ligurian country was invaded by Indo-Europeans close to the Celts, who came from the Balkans. The invaders became the Italics: Umbrians, Osci, Samnites, Romans, Albins, Sabins ... In the 8th century BC, the Etruscans appear in Umbria. They know iron. In 775, the Greeks settled in southern Italy. When, according to legend, Romulus and Remus found Rome, the Etruscans pursued a policy of expansion and, in the sixth century, they occupied Rome. They are then defeated and invaded in turn, but they retain their customs and their language until the first century of the Christian era.