Persona (14)

What killed the King ?
Who was the famous playwright poet ?
A murderous plot disguised as suicide ?
The mystery of her disappearance
Was the french emperor poisoned ?
The strange occult roots of the Thule Society
The origin of vampires
The engineer of the future
The discovery of America
The predictions of the greatest clairvoyant
The child who came from none
Premonitorial signs announced his death ?
Has he existed ?
The Scotland Affair

Science (12)

The disappearance of the wild man
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Who are our ancestors ?
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The strange case of Prahlad Jani fasting
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European legend ?
Do stars dictate our destiny ?
500 KM of geoglyphs
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Probability And The Meta Universe

Ufology (4)

UFO crash in New Mexico ?
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Dogons in contact with aliens ?

Parapsychology (16)

The sixth sense of people ?
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Human energy field ?
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The meaning of dreams
A premonition 14 years in advance ?
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Can the mind move objets ?
And thy fear of nothingness
Can a person be two places at once ?
Pain as offering for Lord Murugan
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Finding Water With Sticks
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The Case of Natasha Demkina
And Psychic Surgery

Mysterious Place (25)

The Moai statues of Rapa Nui
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City of the cosmos
Inside the mysterious and long lost ancient city
A celestial and sacred place
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Ayers Rock
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King Solomon's Hidden Treasures
The secret of the Mayan astronaut
In search of the mythical Eldorado
What are menhirs for ?
The work of Mother Nature ?
Conquering Cancuen palace
The Mayan astronomers ?
Ancient Megalithic Ruins
Inside the Burial Tomb
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Origin of Chinese Civilization
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Derinkuyu & Kaymakli
Teutoburg Forest
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Egypt (11)

What killed the young pharaoh ?
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A monument that defies time
Bitten by a king cobra ?
What has become of the beautiful queen of Egypt ?
Assassinated by his womens ?
The secret books of the ibis headed god
And the mysterious Book of the Dead
The Valley of the Kings abandoned ?
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Cryptozoology (17)

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The Abominable Snowman
The Goat Sucker
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The Deadly Song of the Fish Woman
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Voodoo and Golems - Myth ?
Serial Killer of the Eighteenth Century ?
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Legend and Life
West Virginia Winged Creature
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Manipogo, Ogopogo & Igopogo
De Loys Ape, Orang Pendek, Yeren & Almas

Strange Phenomenon (21)

Mysterious disappearances
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Exorcism of the Demons by a Shaman Priest
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The Route Without Gravity ?
Apparitions Or Hallucinations ?
How Fish Rain Happen
How Are They Made ?
Two Testimonies of the Afterlife
Examples and Theories
The Case of Hasnah Mohamed Meselmani
Mystery of Death Valley
A Mysterious Phenomena
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Aboriginal in the Australian Bush

Bible and Religion (15)

Who Wrote It ?
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The Sinner Denigrated by the Church
Fallen Angels
The Marks of Christ
Universal Deluge
The Dead Sea Scrolls
And The Star of Bethlehem
Where Is It ?
The Sources Of The Arcanes
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Magic (4)

Grimoire and Rituals
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Mediator Between the Spiritual and Material World
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Monument (8)

Monoliths
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The Mystery of Marian Cult
A Monument Filled With Mystery
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Legend and Myth (9)

The Lost Continent
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History (10)

The Book That Lit The Pyres
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Vikings - In America Before Columbus?
The Greatest Political Scandal of the United States
The Lost Colony
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Marinus Van der Lubbe Guilty ?
The Mystery Lingers
Nicolas Flamel and the Philosopher's Stone

Relic (15)

An Endless Quest
Esoteric Nazism
An Ancient Stellar Computer ?
A Timeless Document
An Unknown Alphabet
Men And Dinosaurs Together ?
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Where Is It Located ?
Interesting Facts
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People and Civilization (6)

The Oldest Civilization of Meso America
The Decline of the Mayan Civilization
The People of Amma
The Celtic's Spiritual Elite
A Kingdom Without Men
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Disappearance (2)

A Great Aviator Missing
What Happened To Him ?

Cold Case (4)

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The assassination of John F Kennedy
Who Killed Lady Diana ?
Who Was He ?

Conspiracy Theory (1)

The Conspiracy Theory

France (3)

Has She Risen ?
Eustache Dauger
Ogre or Bluebeard ?

Who Wrote The Dead Sea Scrolls ?

The Qumran Caves Scrolls Mystery

Qumran

In 1947, inside eleven inaccessible caves near the ruins of Qumran (more exactly Khirbet Qumran) in the West Bank were discovered hand-rolled scrolls. Initially attributed to the Essenes, these scrolls continue today to raise many questions.

The looted library

It was a young Bedouin who, in 1947, discovered the first jar containing extremely well preserved leather scrolls. More than six months passed between this discovery and the thorough analysis of the scrolls that the jar contained. In fact, at first the young Bedouin tried to sell the leather scrolls, then came the war with Egypt (1947-1949) which further delayed the analysis of these documents by university specialists from Jerusalem.

When in January 1948 researchers finally identified one of these scrolls as the Book of Isaiah, they then tried to locate the cave from which it came. When they did, however, it was clear that they had been looted. In view of the remains, it was nevertheless estimated that it originally contained between two hundred and two hundred and fifty scrolls. Ten other caves were later found, also housing other manuscripts and fragments. At first, archaeologists related the biblical content of the first scrolls analyzed with the proximity of the remains of the convent of Qumran, described by the learned Pliny the Elder (24-69 AD) as the seat of a colony of Essenes.

Disturbing discoveries

It is known today that the approximately eight hundred manuscripts found at Qumran are the work of five hundred different copyists. The writing of the Dead Sea Scrolls, written in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Nabataean, are likely to have been from somewhere in the third century BC to the 1st century AD. This discovery triggered a new round of excavations at the Qumran site and sparked further discussion. Indeed, the unusual number of copyists and the age of some of these manuscripts led archaeologists to question the extent of the convent.

Roman coins discovered during excavations made it possible to date the destruction of the convent; this one would go back to the Jewish uprising which took place between 66 and 67 AD. On the site of the cloister, there was also a meeting room containing hundreds of vases and clay pots, a grain mill, a pottery workshop and tanks that were connected with the ablutions practiced by the Essenes. This convent included, in addition, a refectory and a scriptorium, that is to say a room where one wrote or copied the scrolls. On the other hand, research did not reveal any room or private use, which led researchers to conclude that the inhabitants of this convent were retiring for the night in the caves.

However, some discoveries proved to be inconsistent with the image of a retired community living in asceticism. Some deduced that Qumran was, in fact, a ceramic factory or even a village. Relying on the unusual number of languages ​​and manuscripts discovered, others also imagined that copies of scrolls were made on order. Finally, according to other theories, there is no connection between the scrolls and the remains of the convent. Dead Sea Scrolls are some of the most valuable manuscripts ever discovered and still have many mysteries. The work of deciphering the scrolls is still going on. However, it seems unlikely today that they can tell us more about their past.

Essenes

The Essenes (Aramaic, which means "the stakes") formed between about 150 BC a Jewish religious sect, similar to future monastic orders.

Established apart from other members of the Jewish community, the Essenes preached chastity and destitution and observed very strict rules regarding the hierarchy and the course of daily life. They probably did not form a homogeneous group, but consisted of several subgroups that admitted different interpretations of faith.