Persona (19)

Still alive ?
Who was the famous playwright poet ?
A murderous plot disguised as suicide ?
Her Disappearance
Poisoned ?
The mysteries of the Third Reich
The prince of darkness
The engineer of the future
The discovery of America
The assassination of John F Kennedy
The Sinner Denigrated by the Church
The Predictions of Michel de Nostredame
Who is Behind The Murders ?
Has She Risen ?
Eustache Dauger
The Eternal Saga
Ogre or Bluebeard ?
The Child Who Came From None
Premonitorial Signs Announced His Death ?
Has He Existed ?

Science (10)

The Disappearance
Are we alone ?
Who are our ancestors ?
Fiction or Reality ?
The Practitioner of Yoga
Are Black Holes Time Breaches?
Origins
Where is the Cemetery ?
Do Stars Dictate Our Destiny ?
500 KM of Geoglyphs

Ufology (3)

UFO crash in New Mexico
The Most Secret Military Zone In The World
Extraterrestrials Live Among Us

Parapsychology (6)

The Sixth Sense of People
The Gift of Foreseeing the Future
Emotional Forcefields
The Meaning of Dreams
A Premonition 14 Years in Advance

Mysterious Place (8)

The Moai of Rapa Nui
The Lost City
City of the Cosmos
A City Dug In The Rock
A Celestial And Sacred Place
Magical City
The Secret Fortune of the Abbé Saunière
Ayers Rock

Egypt (6)

What killed the young pharaoh ?
What Secret Hides the Legendary Monument ?
A Monument That Defies Time
What Has Become Of The Beautiful Queen Of Egypt ?
Assassinated By His Womens ?
The Books Written By The Gods

Cryptozoology (10)

Mythology and Symbolism
Is It Real ?
The Abominable Snowman
The Goat Sucker
Lycanthropy
The Deadly Song of the Fish Woman
The Legend of Sasquatch
Are They Simply Tales ?
Voodoo and Golems - Myth ?
Serial Killer of the Eighteenth Century ?

Strange Phenomenon (9)

Mysterious disappearances
The Ghost Ship
Spiritism and Ghosts
The Feeling of Already Seen
Ghosts and Haunted Houses
Exorcism of the Demons by a Shaman Priest
Mysterious Explosion in Siberia
The Route Without Gravity ?
Apparitions Or Hallucinations ?

Bible and Religion (11)

Who Wrote It ?
A Matter of Faith ?
Guardians of the Secret
Fallen Angels
The Marks of the Christ
Universal Deluge
The Dead Sea Scrolls
And The Star of Bethlehem
Where Is It ?
The Sources Of The Arcanes

Magic (4)

Grimoire and Rituals
The Book Of Laws Of The Dead
Mediator Between the Spiritual and Material World
Origin of Misfortunes

Monument (5)

Monoliths
Did They Really Exist ?
What Did It Look Like ?
Has It Existed ?
The Fury of Building

Legend and Myth (7)

The Lost Continent
A Site of Legend
Just a Myth ?
The Lost City
The Fabulous Land Of Gold
And The Legend of Sherwood
The Modern Prometheus

History (4)

The Book That Lit The Pyres
Historic Reality ?
The Greatest Political Scandal of the United States
The Lost Colony

Relic (2)

An Endless Quest

People and Civilization (5)

The Oldest Civilization of Meso America
The Decline of the Mayan Civilization
The People of Amma
The Celtic's Spiritual Elite
A Kingdom Without Men

Conspiracy Theory (1)

The Conspiracy Theory
ADVERTISEMENT

Qumran

The Dead Sea Scrolls

Qumran

In 1947, inside eleven inaccessible caves near the ruins of Qumran (more exactly Khirbet Qumran) in the West Bank were discovered hand-rolled scrolls. Initially attributed to the Essenes, these scrolls continue today to raise many questions.

The looted library

It was a young Bedouin who, in 1947, discovered the first jar containing extremely well preserved leather scrolls. More than six months passed between this discovery and the thorough analysis of the scrolls that the jar contained. In fact, at first the young Bedouin tried to sell the leather scrolls, then came the war with Egypt (1947-1949) which further delayed the analysis of these documents by university specialists from Jerusalem.

When in January 1948 researchers finally identified one of these scrolls as the Book of the prophet Isaiah, they then tried to locate the cave from which it came. When they did, however, it was clear that they had been looted. In view of the remains, it was nevertheless estimated that it originally contained between two hundred and two hundred and fifty scrolls. Ten other caves were later found, also housing other manuscripts and fragments. At first, archaeologists related the biblical content of the first scrolls analyzed with the proximity of the remains of the convent of Qumran, described by the learned Pliny the Elder (24-69 AD) as the seat of a colony of Essenes.

Disturbing discoveries

It is known today that the approximately eight hundred manuscripts found at Qumran are the work of five hundred different copyists. The writing of the Dead Sea Scrolls, written in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Nabataean, are likely to have been from somewhere in the third century BC to the 1st century AD. This discovery triggered a new round of excavations at the Qumran site and sparked further discussion. Indeed, the unusual number of copyists and the age of some of these manuscripts led archaeologists to question the extent of the convent.

ADVERTISEMENT

Roman coins discovered during excavations made it possible to date the destruction of the convent; this one would go back to the Jewish uprising which took place between 66 and 67 AD. On the site of the cloister, there was also a meeting room containing hundreds of vases and clay pots, a grain mill, a pottery workshop and tanks that were connected with the ablutions practiced by the Essenes. This convent included, in addition, a refectory and a scriptorium, that is to say a room where one wrote or copied the scrolls. On the other hand, research did not reveal any room or private use, which led researchers to conclude that the inhabitants of this convent were retiring for the night in the caves.

However, some discoveries proved to be inconsistent with the image of a retired community living in asceticism. Some deduced that Qumran was, in fact, a ceramic factory or even a village. Relying on the unusual number of languages ​​and manuscripts discovered, others also imagined that copies of scrolls were made on order. Finally, according to other theories, there is no connection between the scrolls and the remains of the convent. Dead Sea Scrolls are some of the most valuable manuscripts ever discovered and still have many mysteries. The work of deciphering the scrolls is still going on. However, it seems unlikely today that they can tell us more about their past.

Essenes

The Essenes (Aramaic, which means "the stakes") formed between about 150 BC a Jewish religious sect, similar to future monastic orders.

Established apart from other members of the Jewish community, the Essenes preached chastity and destitution and observed very strict rules regarding the hierarchy and the course of daily life. They probably did not form a homogeneous group, but consisted of several subgroups that admitted different interpretations of faith.

ADVERTISEMENT